Beginners usually asks: “Where will I get the strength to surprising effects attributed to Taekwon-Do?” This power is the result of the whole of human potential and mathematical application of Taekwon-Do techniques. The average person uses only 10 to 20 percent of its potential. Everyone, irrespective of their size, age, or gender, with training to reach 100 percent utilization of its power, can carry the same destructive techniques. Although the training can achieve superior level of physical fitness, but a mere training does not necessarily give extraordinary stamina or superhuman strength. It is important to us Taekwon-Do training to ensure a sufficiently large force of percussion, power concentration, equilibrium, breath control and speed; these are the factors that bring a high level of physical strength.
SHOCK FORCE (Bandong Ryok)
According to Newton’s Law, every force is an equal opposite force. When a car crashes into a wall with a force of 2000 Newtons, the wall works back to the car with a force of 2000 Newtons; or if it is pushed one end swings down with a force of the weight of 1 ton, on the other end of the work is equal to the force in the opposite direction (upward); if your opponent plans upon thee with great speed, it will be at the slightest blow on his head, the force with which he hit his head, your summing the forces of impact and its own forces, with which this has been invaded. The result of two forces together, his, which is large, and yours, which is small, is very impressive. The second force impulse, which you can use is your own. After a right fist ojačaš to pull back the left fist to the hip.
THE CONCENTRATION OF POWER (Jip Joong)
If the impact force directed to the lowest possible surface of the target, which increases the force, and thus its effect. For example, the force of the jet of water flowing out of the pipe, is greater if the tube diameter is less at the same rate of flow. Conversely, the weight of the man who is widely distributed in crampons, leaving barely visible in the snow. Strikes in Taekwon-they are often implemented with the edge of the open palm or knuckles. It is important not to relax all its power at the beginning, but gradually. especially in the phase of contact with the opponent’s body must be force is focused to inflict the knock-out punch. That is to say, the shorter the time for the concentration, the greater the force of the impact. For simultaneous mobilization of all body muscles on the smallest target area requires extreme concentration. The concentration is achieved in two ways: the first method, the concentration of all the body’s muscles, especially of larger abdominal muscles and the muscles around the hips (theoretically slower than the smaller muscles of other parts of the body) to the respective tool, which is used in the right time; the other way is the concentration of such mobilized muscles on the vital points of the opponent. This is also the reason that belly and hips slightly retract before the hands and feet in any action, attack or defense. Remember, tightening muscles can be done in two ways: laterally or vertically.
EQUILIBRIUM (Kyun Hyung)
In any type of athletics balance is of utmost importance. Even in Taekwon-deserves special attention. Thus, when we keep the body in a constant balance, the blow more effective and deadly. Conversely, an unbalanced body is easy to tip over. Bets must always be stable but agile, both in attack and in defense. The balance is divided into dynamic and static stability. Both are so closely connected that maximum power can be achieved only when the static stability is maintained through dynamic stability.
In order to maintain a good balance must be a handle of the gravitational force at the center line exactly between both legs, and the body weight evenly distributed on both feet, or on the center of the foot, if necessary the bulk of weight transfer to the one leg. Handles the force of gravity can be adjusted to body weight. The versatility and flexibility of the knee are also very important to maintain a balance, or for a quick attack or an immediate withdrawal. further warning: Fifth hind legs must not be at the moment of ignition never lifted. This is important not only from the standpoint of a good balance, but also provides a greater force of impact.
BREATH CONTROL (Hohup Jojul)
Proper breathing is not only a positive effect on endurance and speed, but also to prepare the body to receive the impact and increase the power of blow directed against an opponent. In practice, it turned out to be interrupted exhalation at a critical moment when we receive a blow to the vital point, can prevent the loss of consciousness and eliminates pain. A sharp breath at the moment of contact with your opponent and your breathing is interrupted during the execution of the stroke tightened abdominal muscles to breathe during the implementation of the blockade or blow against an opponent. This hampers the movement and cause loss of power. Students should learn to breathe so that your breathing can mask all external signs of effort. An experienced fighter will certainly intensify the attack if it sensed that his opponent at the end of power. For one element it requires one breath except in continuous motion.
Physical the maximum kinetic energy of the product’s weight and speed. It is important that the weight (force) during the execution of impact increases. Undoubtedly, the maximum force is achieved by turning the flanks. Large abdominal muscles shrink, to provide additional physical acceleration. Thus, the side rotates in the same direction as a tool to attack or blockade. Another way to increase the force in that izprožimo knee articulation. This is accomplished by slightly raising the side at the beginning of the stroke and passed at the time of contact, and thereby transfer the weight of the movement. It should be noted that the principles of force, which I quote here, yet equally valid today in our modern scientific and nuclear age as they were centuries ago. Then, when you theoretically and practically know this skill, I am convinced that the scientific basis of movement and the real power which comes from small human body, certainly make a big impression on you.
Speed is the most important factor of force or power. Scientifically speaking, the force is equal to mass multiplied by acceleration (F = MA) or (P = mv squared). In accordance with the theory of the kinetic and potential energy, to increase the speed of each of the body decreases. The same principle also applies to the skill of self-defense. It is why the time of the contact position of the arm is lower than the position of the shoulder and foot below the hip, when the body is in the air. The force of percussion, breath control, balance, concentration and relaxation of muscles are not negligible. These are factors that contribute to the speed and all these factors, together with flexible and rhythmic movements, they must be well coordinated to ensure maximum power in Taekwon-Do.